Phonics - Updated May 2020

Have a look at the new Letters and Sounds You Tube channel. There is an introduction clip you can watch, that explains how the sessions work. They will stream lessons for Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 daily.


Phonics teaching

We teach children to understand that they need to be able to recognise both the sounds (phonemes) in words and the letters, or groups of letters that make the sounds (graphemes). The children have daily Phonics lessons in  Reception and Year 1 and in Year 2, Phonics forms part of the daily spelling lesson. The children start by learning the single letter sounds, then move on to learning about the more complex digraphs and trigraphs (Please find a list of terms below) The order of sounds taught follows the Letters and Sounds scheme of work. On this page, you will find a list of terminology and resources to help you support your child at home.

Phonics teaching is split into 6 phases:

Phase 1 - Pre school. These are the sounds around us, listening for rhyming sounds etc.

Phase 2 and 3 - Reception

Phase 4 - This  is taught at the end of Reception and the start of Year 1

Phase 5 - Year 1. By the end of year 1, children should be able to recognise and blend all the discreet sounds.

Phase 6 Year 2. This phase looks at alternative spellings of sounds.


Phonics terminology

Phoneme: The unit of sound we hear. We talk about short sound (a) and long sounds (ay).

Grapheme: The visual representation of the sound. This might be a single letter, or a group of letters.

Digraph: Two letters that make 1 sound e.g. oi, ay, ch, th, ow, ng, wh, ee, ou.

Trigraph: Three letters that make 1 sound e.g. igh, air, ear, ure.

Split digraph: Where 'e;' is added at the end of a word, to make the short vowel sound long e.g. pin to pine. The i and the e together make the long sound ie, but have been split by the consonant, Formally known as 'magic e'.

Please download the 'Phonics terminology' document below, for a more detailed list of the terms we use.


Printable resources to help your child at home

Websites to help your child with phonics:


Files to Download

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